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Basic Wiring Techniques

The Petal Press Blog

Basic Wiring Techniques

Basic Wiring Techniques

Basic Wiring Techniques

It may seem like a fiddly and time-consuming task but once you have mastered the art of wiring and taping flowers with these Basic Wiring Techniques, you will be able to create a multitude of floral pieces.

Wiring adds strength to delicate stems, locks in the moisture so accessory items (like flowercrownscorsages and boutonnieres) stay fresh longer and allows you to control each component of your floral design.

A little bit of practice is all it takes.

You will need:

  • Florist wire
  • Florist tape
  • Flower snips


Florist snips Green Florsit Tape Florist Wires


Florist Wire

Floristry wires come in a variety of thicknesses known as gauge – the higher the gauge number the finer the wire, which must be considered carefully when wiring flowers. Choose a wire, which will support the flower adequately without damaging the flower or stems.

Floristry Tape

The use of a floral tape is essential for wiring work. Not only does it cover the wire to makes stems look neat and tidy but also it helps prevent moisture loss from each flower. You can use Parafilm, which is a plastic tape, or a paper based tape like EcoPaper (available from florist suppliers and Spotlight). They both come in a variety of colors but green is the most common.

Flower Snips

Having the right tool for the job is always a good thing and a good set of Snips (or shears) when it comes to wiring and taping is no exception. Your snips will cut through the florist wire with ease so there’s no need for additional wire cutters.

While Flower snips work similarly to garden secateurs in that they are spring loaded, their blades are thinner and straight with a finer tip.

The Stitch Method  0.5 – 0.7 Gauge Wire
  1. Cut the stem about 1cm from the leaf.
  2. With the underside of the leaf facing you, pierce and thread the wire through either side of the spine.
  3. Bend both sides of the wire down to meet the stem.
  4. Stretch and wind the floral tape over the wire and leaf stem tightly.

(Used for leaves such as Magnolia, Camelia, Ivy and Laurel)


The Hairpin Method 0.5 Gauge Wire
  1. Cut the stem of the flower about 1cm from the head.
  2. Bend a length of wire into a hairpin shape.
  3. Thread both ends through the centre of the flower, piercing either side of the calyx. Keep pulling the wire though so that the curve of the wire is just embedded.
  4. Stretch and wind the floral tape over the wire and flower stem tightly.

(Used for individual delicate florets such as Orchids and Hyacinth)

Hairpin Method

The Piercing Method 0.5 – 0.7 Gauge Wire
  1. Cut the stem about 1cm from the head
  2. Pierce the flower base with the tip of the wire and thread approximately 1/3 of the wire through it.
  3. Bend both sides of the wire down to meet the stem.
  4. Stretch and wind the floral tape over the wire and leaf stem tightly.

(Used for Roses, Carnations, Lisianthus etc)

Piercing Method

Support Wiring 0.7 – 1.0 Gauge Wire
  1. Insert the wire into the base of the flower vertically, just enough so that it is firmly in place.
  2. Run the wire vertically along the stem approximately half way the length.
  3. Stretch and wind the floral tape to cover the end of the wire and again in the middle of the wire to hold securely.

(Used for Roses, Carnations, Gerberas, Peonies, etc to prevent the heads form drooping and stems from breaking)

Support wirng techniques

Cluster Wiring (or Binding) 0.5 – 0.7 Gauge Wire 
  1. Cluster 3 -5 short stems approximately 2 cm long together.
  2. Place stems inside a hairpin wire.
  3. Wrap the longer end of wire around the stems and shorter end of the wire, securing them together.
  4. Stretch and wind floral tape of the wire and stems firmly.

(Used to cluster multiple, Delicate stems together, such as Gypsophila, Wax Flowers and some foliages).

Cluster Wiring technique













Daffodils – 10 Fun Facts

Daffodils – 10 Fun Facts

Daffodils | 10 Fun Facts and a funny little story.

The humble Daffodil is well known and much loved by just about everyone.  Their bright color and cheerful, distinctive form make them irresistible both  as a cut flower and in the garden.  I just love them.  When they start to appear at the markets and then pop up all over the neighborhood in pots and garden beds, I just know that Winter is drawing to a close and Spring will soon be here.  And that makes me HAPPY!

Fun Facts:

  1.  Daffodils are also known as ‘Narcissus’ and belong to the Amaryllis family.
  2.  Other members of the Amaryllis family are Agapanthus, Clivia, and Allium.
  3. Daffodils grow from bulbs and are native to the fields and woods of Southern Europe and North Africa.
  4. There are over 13,000 different varieties of Daffodil.  That’s a lot!  Those varieties are divided down into approximately 12 different types, characterised by the size and shape of their petals and corona.
  5.  The correct term for a Daffodil’s trumpet or central cone is Corona!
  6.  They are available from mid to late Winter and Spring.
  7.  As a cut flower, Daffodils have a vase life of approximately 4-6 days.
  8. The sap from their cut stems can damage other flowers in a vase.  If using in a mixed flower arrangement, place their stems in a separate vase of water for around an hour before adding them in.  Do not re cut their stems.
  9. Daffodil bulbs are poisonous.  They contain a substance called Lycorine.  This can make people and animals very sick.  Rabbits instinctively don’t go near them!
  10. The Daffodil is the national flower of Wales where they grow ‘Narcissus pseudonarcissus’ to produce  Galantamine, a chemical used in the treatment of Alzheimers Disease. You can read a bit more about that here.

Daffodils are also a symbol of Hope, Rebirth and Renewal as well as Egoism and Narcissism.  Yep, that right.  EGOISM AND NARCISSISM!!

There is an ancient Greek myth which tells a story of a young man called Narcissus.  He was the son of the River god Kefis and a nymph called Liripe. His exquisite good looks drew a lot of attention and almost every girl in the country was in love with him. He was also quite enamored with himself. So in love was he  with his own appearance that nothing else could catch his attention. A young nymph called Echo was madly in love with him, but despite her best efforts, Narcissus never noticed her. So she decided to ask for help from the goddess of revenge Nemesis.

The goddess cursed the young Narcissus and one day, when he was on his way home from a hunt, he saw his own reflection in the water.  Of course he fell in love with it and desperately tried to hug his reflection in the water – with no luck.  He tried over and over until he finally gave up and lay on the grass where he died from exhaustion.

When they came to bury his body, he was nowhere to be found and in the place where he was lying, there was a bright yellow flower. In his honor, the Greeks named it Narcissus.

Amaranthus | Featured Flower

Amaranthus | Featured Flower

Amaranthus, collectively known as Amaranth, is a fabulous flower variety which can be found in abundance at this time of year (Australia December – April)

There are many different varieties but most commonly used in floral arrangments are Hanging (Amaranthus Caudatus) and Pygmy (Amaranthus Hypochondriacus).  With their bold colors and texture, they create a dramatic addition to flower arrangements and installations.


The variety pictured  here is Amaranthus Caudatus Rosary.  This picture was taken at Monet’s Garden in Giverny, France earlier in the year.

Here’s a few fun facts about these gorgeous blooms.

Common name

Country of Origin
South America

A tall growing annual herb with long drooping clusters of tiny flowers at the end of each stem.  Stems vary in lengths but are approximately 30 – 80cm
Available in green, burgundy-red, pink and purple.

Summer – Autumn

Vase Life Span
1 week

Care and Storage
*Remove any foliage from the stems as they yellow and damage
*Trim 2-3cm off each stem
*Place in cool water
*Store between 4 – 8°C
*Florets will not continue to open post harvest so ensure you choose flowers that have around ¾ of the flowers open.


Quarter Time

Quarter Time


Hi there, it’s quarter time!

3 months into my little business and I thought it was time for me to get on the blog bandwagon and share a thing or two.  Forgive me if I am not overly interesting or succinct, blog writing is not really my strongest point.

I thought I would share with you how The Petal Provedore came to be.  Where I have come from and what inspired me to become a florist and a small business owner.

In high school, I couldn’t decide what career path I should take.  Should I do a floristry apprenticeship, or should I go to university and study science.  Hmmmm, you’d think the answer would be clear on that one.  So, of course I went to uni and did a Bachelor of Applied Science.  My studies focused on Intellectual Disabilities and I spent the next 20 something years in the disability sector.  A profession I loved and I had the privilege of working alongside some fabulous people.

But, as anyone who has worked in a similar industry will understand, I grew weary of it.  I needed a change and a creative outlet.  A wise husband of mine mentioned that I should revisit the idea from high school of becoming a florist.  I thought about it for months, did some research and decided he may be onto something.

I have always loved flowers and plants.  I was constantly ‘harvesting’ blooms from my Mum’s garden (no matter how often I was told not to) and making arrangements for my room.  I made my own wedding bouquet just because I wanted to. I would spend a fortune on flowers for the house and loved trying out new ways of styling them. I think I have always been a florist at heart, I just went in a different direction for a while.

Fast forward a couple of years and with a Cert 3 in Floristry to hang alongside by Bachelor (thanks Box Hill TAFE), some fabulous experience under my wing and a passion for what I do, I was ready to go.

The decision to be an online store over having a retail premises was easy.  Starting a business from scratch is expensive and there is a certain amount of risk involved, especially in retail.  I wanted to start small and build up slowly.  One day, a retail space will come along that is perfect for me, but for now I am content with my studio.  It has everything I need and with so many purchases being made on line these days, an online shop is a necessity anyway.

So, at quarter time (the end of my first 3 months in business), I am thrilled with how everything is coming together.  There have been a few moments where I have questioned why I decided to do this, but these moments have been few and far between.  I am so happy to be doing what I love every day and I am so appreciative of all my lovely customers, my suppliers, my technical support angel, my photographer and all of my friends and family.  Happy Days.

See you soon

Kelli xx